All Across Argentina

During my Literature tutorials, Juan stordeur and I created a little poem about the things that happen in Argentina. So here it goes.

Publicado en 5AC2018, tutorials Lan and Lit | Deja un comentario

Presentacion del Mundial Zona D

Publicado en 5AC2018, historia | Deja un comentario

Evening in Paradise

-What kind of writer was he? Explain.

John Milton (9 December 1608 – 8 November 1674) was an English metaphysical poet, polemicist, man of letters, and civil servant for the Commonwealth of England under Oliver Cromwell. He wrote at a time of religious flux and political upheaval, and is best known for his epic poem Paradise Lost (1667), written in blank verse.

Metaphysical poet, any of the poets in 17th-century England who inclined to the personal and intellectual complexity and concentration. Their work is a blend of emotion and intellectual ingenuity, characterized by conceit or “wit”. Metaphysical poetry is less concerned with expressing feeling than with analyzing it, with the poet exploring the recesses of his consciousness. The boldness of the literary devices used—especially obliquity, irony, and paradox—are often reinforced by a dramatic directness of language and by rhythms derived from that of living speech.

Milton’s poetry and prose reflect deep personal convictions, a passion for freedom and self-determination, and the urgent issues and political turbulence of his day. Writing in English, Latin, Greek, and Italian, he achieved international renown within his lifetime

-He wrote Paradise Lost. What is it about?

In 1667, he published Paradise Lost in 10 volumes. It is considered his greatest work and the greatest epic poem written in English. The free-verse poem tells the story of how Satan tempted Adam and Eve, and their expulsion from the Garden of Eden. In 1671, he published Paradise Regained, in which Jesus overcomes Satan’s temptations, and Samson Agonistes, in which Samson first succumbs to temptation and then redeems himself. A revised, 12-volume version of Paradise Lost was published in 1674.

-Now, read the poem and say what you understand from it using your own words. (work on vocabulary)

Now came still Evening on, and Twilight gray
Had in her sober 
livery all things clad;
Silence accompanied; for beast and bird,
They to their grassy couch, these to their nests
Were 
slunk, all but the wakeful nightingale.
She all night longer her amorous 
descant sung:
Silence was now pleased. Now glowed the 
firmament
With living Saphirs; Hesperus, that led
The starry host, rode brightest, till the Moon,
Rising in clouded majesty, at length
Apparent queen, unveiled her 
peerless light,
And o’er the dark her silver mantle threw;
When Adam thus to Eve: “Fair 
consort, the hour
Of night, and all things now retired to rest
Mind us of like repose; since God hath set
Labour and rest, as day and night, to men
Successive, and the timely dew of sleep,
Now falling with soft 
slumberous weight, inclines
Our eye-lids. Other creatures all day long
Rove 
idle, unemployed, and less need rest;
Man hath his daily work of body or mind
Appointed, which declares his dignity,
And the regard of Heaven on all his ways;
While other animals unactive range,
And of their doings God takes no account.
Tomorrow, ere fresh morning streak the east
With first approach of light, we must be risen,
And at our pleasant labour, to reform
Yon flowery arbours, yonder alleys green,
Our walk at noon, with branches overgrown,
That mock our 
scant manuring, and require
More hands than ours to 
lop their wanton growth.
Those blossoms also, and those dropping gums,
That lie 
bestrown, unsightly and unsmooth,
Ask 
riddance, if we mean to tread with ease.

John Milton (1608-1674)

The poem is an extract from the epic poem ʼParadise Lost’ where Milton explores Adam and Eve’s spectacular mucking up of a lifetime in paradise, while also giving us his insight into the primordial war between God and Satan.

In this section, we are presented with a resplendent image of dusk, which in its majesty calms and soothes the world to sleep. Milton’s Adam reflects upon the nature of day and night and basically tells us that we need to enjoy our slumber as in the day we need to be working hard to maintain the perfection of God’s creation.

As well as giving us a reflection upon this specific part of the Bible, there is a general message that permeates about how we should live our lives.

Vocabulary:

livery: a special uniform worn by a servant, an official, or a member 
of a City Company.

grassy: covered with grass. 

clad: archaic or literary past participle of clothe.

slink (slunk): move smoothly and quietly

nightingale: migratory birds of Europe, noted for the melodious song 
of the male, given chiefly at night during the breeding season.

descant: a melody or counterpoint accompanying a simple musical 
themeand usually written above it.

firmament: the vault of heaven; sky.

Hesperus – another name for Venus (the planet);

peerless: having no equal; matchless; unrivaled.

consort: a husband or wife; spouse, especially of a reigning monarch.

slumberous: causing or inducing sleep. 

idle: not working or active; unemployed; doing nothing. 

yonder: being the more distant or farther. 

scant: not abundant. 

lop: to cut off from a tree or other plant.

wanton: done, shown, used, etc., maliciously or unjustifiably. 

bestrew: to lie scattered over. 

riddance: relief or deliverance from something.


TASK 1

“THE FIRST 12 LINES SHOW AN ANALOGY BETWEEN EVENING AND PARADISE” ACCOUNT FOR THIS.

The first 12 lines show an analogy between evening and paradise. The writes expresses that night is beautiful, it’s the time when you rest, when you are at peace. This description of the night is used to explain heaven, paradise. Both have similar features, such as resting, being at peace, being beautiful, and so the explanation of the evening is used to compare and explain heaven too; that’s why it is said to be an analogy.

TASK 2

SEMANTIC FIELD: “DAY/NIGHT – NATURE – JEWELS”. QUOTE TO PROVE THIS.

-Day/night: “twiglight” “lightingale” “moon” “dark” “wakeful” “silence” “descant”

-Nature: “lightingale” “beast” “bird” “nests”

_Jewelry: “sapphires” “glowed” “hesperus” “brightest” “majesty”

TASK 3

FIND AT LEAST THREE LITERARY DEVICES AND EXPLAIN THE IMAPCT ON THE READER. WHY ARE THEY USED?

  1. Enjambent is used to catch the reader’s attention, to keep him trapped and following the poem until the end.
  2. There is a very powerful analogy  in the poem. There is an analogy between sleep and death. The poet is using the “night”, the “rest”, “noon” to explain a greater thing, heaven, death and afterlife. This is made because sometimes, to explain such a great and complex topic as death, it’s better to use analogies with normal, daily thing such as sleeping.
  3. Personification is also used in the poem. “Silence was now pleased.”. In this line we can see that there is a personification. SIlence is givene human characteristics, silence cannot be pleased. 

TASK 4

IS THE SCENE JUST PROTRAYED AS A PEACEFUL NATURAL SCENE? COULD THIS ALSO BE A FUNERAL SCENE? ACCOUNT FOR YOUR ANSWERS.

In my opinion, it can be seen from both point of views, since an analogy is made. The peacful natural scene could be sleeping, that could also be accositaed with death. But, now, it depends on what do you think when you think about a funeral scene. Aren’t funerals natural scenes? I think that they completely are because we are all surely going to die so it’s natural. Aren’t funerals peaceful? In my opinion they also are, maybe the person that died was suffering from a horrible disease and now she is in rest, finally tranquil.

TASK 5

“light” “fresh morning” “labour” “eyelids” “retire” “risen” “work”

Publicado en 5AC2018, literature | Deja un comentario

“To the Evening Star” analysis

Poem

Thou fair-hair’d angel of the evening,
Now, whilst the sun rests on the mountains, light
Thy bright torch of love; thy radiant crown
Put on, and smile upon our evening bed!
Smile on our loves, and while thou drawest the
Blue curtains of the sky, scatter thy silver dew
On every flower that shuts its sweet eyes
In timely sleep. Let thy west wind sleep on
The lake; speak silence with thy glimmering eyes,
And wash the dusk with silver. Soon, full soon,
Dost thou withdraw; then the wolf rages wide,
And then the lion glares through the dun forest:
The fleeces of our flock are cover’d with
Thy sacred dew: protect them with thin influence!

William Blake (1757-1827)

Biography

William Blake was a 19th century writer and artist who is regarded as a seminal figure of the Romantic Age. His writings have influenced countless writers and artists through the ages, and he has been deemed both a major poet and an original thinker.

Born in 1757 in London, England, William Blake began writing at an early age and claimed to have had his first vision, of a tree full of angels, at age 10. He studied engraving and grew to love Gothic art, which he incorporated into his own unique works. A misunderstood poet, artist and visionary throughout much of his life, Blake found admirers late in life and has been vastly influential since his death in 1827.

2)

  • interest in rural life
  • Presentation of common life
  • Love of liberty and freedom
  • Escape to the middle ages
  • Supernaturalism
  • Predominance of Imaginations and Emotions
  • Endless Variety
  • Subjectivity
  • Lyricism
  • Simplicity in Style

He paints the night sky with an image of Venus’ constant silver glow gently coaxing the world to bed and bringing stillness and silence to the world. Its light is positioned as being protective and keeping out the evils of the world, but only for so long. The poem ends with a plea for Venus to stay and protect his flock from the dangers of the night.

As always, the poem isn’t that simple and where Blake positions Venus, we can also see an analogy relating to mankind’s relationship with God.

Publicado en 5AC2018, literature | Deja un comentario

Vocabulary

I created a mind map full of vocabulary with my partners Josefina Tasca, malena Millan, Lulu Frias and Claari Allende

Mind map of Vocabulary

Publicado en 5AC2018, language, literature | Deja un comentario

My Son The Fanatic

After reading the short story by Hanif Kureishi, “My Son the Fanatic”

we were asked to answer the following questions.

1. What prevents Parvez from communicating directly with his son?
He is afraid of confronting him, and finds it easier to find the answers on his friends, who speculate on possible situations that the son might be going through, which results in the worst. They prejudge him.

2. What is Parvez’s dream for Ali’s future?
He wishes his son to become an accountant to fulfill his bigger dream that is to fit in the English society.

3. How would you describe the personality of the following characterize:
a. Parvez
self-centered, cares a lot of image or reputation, idealistic, doesn’t have a paternal image, etc.
b. Ali
fundamentalist, able to do anything in order to transmit his religious beliefs, even sacrificing his life and other innocent ones.
c. Bettina
She is a prostitute, who tries to help and give advice although she doesn’t have children.
She interferes in Parvez and Ali relationship which might not be the best option, as it weakened their relations.

4. How would you describe the following relationships?
a. Parvez and Ali at the beginning of the story
They are strangers. They live under the same roof but barely know each other. Parvez had an idealistic son but Ali showed him that he was not who he thought.
b. Parvez and Ali at the end of the story
They finally revealed their true self at each other and derived in a serious conflict, which even involved violence.
c. Parvez and Bettina
They support each other and provide company and advice. They also were involved in a sexual relationship.
d. Parvez and his coworkers
They do not have enough confidence to show themselves as they really are, and have a superficial relationship.
e. Parvez and his wife
We don’t know anything about their relationships. They don’t share anything more than a son, to whom they didn’t have a relationship either.

5. What advice does Bettina give Parvez?
To talk to him, listen and find the true side of him. Understand his teenage mind, who is going through a temporary face in his life that with time will go away.

6. What memory from Pakistan haunts Parvez?
It is a memory about his childhood when he went to school where they forced to learn the Koran, even when tiredness conquered them. This strict and insistent measures made him walk away of any type of religion.

7. What rules does Ali criticize Parvez for breaking?

Drinking alcohol & eating meat

8. Why does Parvez like England?

Because they have access to anything they want there, and doesn’t have to follow any religious beliefs that condition their lives.

9. Why does Ali hate London?

Because he believes that western education cultivates an anti-religious attitude.

10. What was the “last straw” that led Parvez to violence?

When, after having excessively drunk, goes to Ali’s room and finds him praying, after all that have happened.

11. What does Ali mean in the last line of the story?

By saying that, he intends to say that he is no longer the only fanatic. His father has shown that he is so caught up in his ideology of adapting that his son.

Publicado en 5AC2018, language, literatura | Deja un comentario

Elizabeth Fry

After working on the different stages of Economy that would lead to the emergence of capitalism we have stopped and done research on  important characters during the Industrial Revolution. I’ve worked with Felicitas Donato on Elizabeth Fry. In order to recreate a vivid image of her and the role she played in society during the 19th century, we have created Histagrams. 

Wanna check ours and get to know Elizabeth fry?

Elizabeth Fry (1780-1845) was a pioneering campaigner for better conditions in prisons during the Victorian Period. She was a middle-class Quaker who sought to highlight the squalid and unsanitary conditions in British prisons and provide practical solutions to help improve conditions and reform prisoners. Gaining the support of prominence members of society, such as Queen Victoria and Florence Nightingale, she played an important role in later legislation which improved conditions in prisons.

Publicado en 5AC2018, history | Deja un comentario

Origins of Capitalism

Here I will show you a link with a mind map summarizing how the capitalism emerged.

Here I worked with Malena Millan, Clara Allende and Lucia Frias.

Publicado en 5AC2018, history | 1 comentario

“An Evening in Paradise”

EVENING IN PARADISE, JOHN MILTON (XVII)

Group work: Kenny, Giambruni, Bernusi, Torrendell and Donato

  • What kind of writer was he? Explain.

1)  Characteristics of Metaphysical poets 

  • He wrote Paradise Lost. What is it about?

2) Summary of the poem:

Paradise Lost is about Adam and Eve, how they came to be created and how they came to lose their place in the Garden of Eden, also called Paradise. It’s the same story you find in the first pages of Genesis, expanded by Milton into a very long, detailed, narrative poem. It also includes the story of the origin of Satan. Originally, he was called Lucifer, an angel in heaven who led his followers in a war against God, and was ultimately sent with them to hell. Thirst for revenge led him to cause man’s downfall by turning into a serpent and tempting Eve to eat the forbidden fruit.

  • Now, read the poem and say what you understand from it using your own words.

3)  The poem starts describing an evening in which every minute is more quiet and darker. All animals are asleep except for the wakeful nightingale with is singing. The writer describes the evening as similar to paradise and the day as the time to work. In that way, paradise is achieved, if you work hard when you are still alive.

4) Analogy: is a literary device that helps to establish a relationship based on similarities between two concepts or ideas. By using an analogy we can convey a new idea by using the blueprint of an old one as a basis for understanding. With a mental linkage between the two, one can create understanding regarding the new concept in a simple and succinct manner. 

In the poem this literary is device is employed to build up a relationship between the two concepts which differ from each other: “Evening and Paradise”.

The analogy in this poem is that after having worked during most of your life, peaceful nights would come and leading you to paradise.

Evening: “Silence” ; “Twilight”

Paradise: “Majesty” ; “Brightest”

5) 

  •  Analogy: is a literary device that helps to establish a relationship based on similarities between two concepts or ideas. By using an analogy we can convey a new idea by using the blueprint of an old one as a basis for understanding. With a mental linkage between the two, one can create understanding regarding the new concept in a simple and succinct manner. 
  • Symbolism: Symbolism can take different forms. Generally, it is an object representing another, to give an entirely different meaning that is much deeper and more significant.
  • Personification: Personification is a figure of speech in which a thing – an idea or an animal – is given human attributes. The non-human objects are portrayed in such a way that we feel they have the ability to act like human beings.

6)

It could account as a funeral scene.

Although, Milton uses peaceful images to link both concepts: Evening and Paradise.          In some way, he is leading us to the path of death and taking us away from life by describing in deep the majesty of heaven.

Stages: DAY/SLEEP/DEATH/PARADISE 

Publicado en 5AC2018InglesliteratureUncategorized | Deja un comentario

Analyzing quotes: Games at Twillight

I worked with Sofia Montoya and Tota Lupi and in the following virtual period we had to select 10 quotes taken from the story we had already read called Games at Twilight written by Anita Desai and analyze them.

  • The ignominy of being forgotten – how could he face it?

This Quote represents a very important moment in the story where we can find Ravi reflecting about life and how frustrating it is to be forgotten by your own friends.

  • “Silence by a terrible sense of his insignificante”

In this quote Ravi is going through a moment of accepting reality and how disgusting it is to be forgotten by your own friends. When someone remembers you is because he cares about you and you are significant for that person, this means Ravi wasn’t neither remembered or significant to his friends.

  • “His voice broke with rage and pity at the disgrace of it all and he felt himself flooded with tears and misery.”

This quote represents the moment at which Ravi realized he has been forgotten. He went out of the shed and saw his friends playing another game, while he was hiding. This quote shows the exactly feeling of loneliness and disappointment, the misery and pain of not having won and being forgotten.

  • “He had wanted victory and triumph – not a funeral.”

This quotes shows the importance of the game for Ravi. It was clear that for him it meant more than just a little kids game, and he really wanted to win. But after realizing that he couldn’t win because his friends were playing another game he had ended up in his own funeral.

  • “…his success had occupied him so wholly that he had quite forgotten that success had to be clinched by that final dash to victory…”

This quote represents the feelings of Ravi throughout all the story. First,  he wanted to succeed and for that reason he was happy and enthusiastic. He felt as if he was the best hide and sick player. But then, when he realized that for succeeding he needed to finish the game, that was the moment he realized he was not the best player because he had not touched the wall to be a winner.

  •  He…wondered how many more creatures were watching him, waiting to reach out and touch him, the stranger. 

    The following quote shows how Ravi was feeling when hiding on the shelter, afraid of the dark and all the animals that could be hiding with him. He saw Raghu as the stranger who was trying to catch and touch him and the animals and creepy things he imagined were the creatures.
  • It took them a minute to grasp what he was saying, even who he was. They had quite forgotten him.

    Ravi had been forgotten. Alone in the shelter after long hours of being hided in the dark he was still playing the game, but his friends didn’t, they were already starting to play another game. As he came out of the shed and shouted that he had won and the other children stared at him in amazement, the fantasy that he had created crushed and he ended up humiliated.
  • It was an insect…exploring him.

    Ravi has chosen to hide on the unused shed. It was seldom opened and filled with the detritus of the households broken chairs and tables, old buckets and such like. He had never been inside when it was lit up, much less in pitch darkness like now. The smells emanating from the inside suggested there were different sorts of creatures hiding  in there. Ravi was glad he had got away from Raghu but also terrified by the spooky insides of the shed where nothing was visible. But there was something he felt crawling at the back of his neck, a spider!
  • No life stirred at this arid time of day

    The following quote shows the weather at India where the whole story takes place. Desai provides very vivid imagery such as this throughout the story to remind us of the dogged, unforgiving heat by direct description.
  • To defeat Raghu…and to be the winner…would be thrilling beyond imagination.

This quote directly illustrates the theme of fantasy vs reality because it represent the part when Ravi was going to win and was so proud of himself that he didn’t realize how long he had been hiding. It represents his fantasy of being as good as the older kids.

Publicado en 5AC2018, language, literature | Deja un comentario

Sam Smith “Too Good At Goodbyes”

You must think that I’m stupid
You must think that I’m a fool
You must think that I’m new to this
But I have seen this all beforeI’m never gonna let you close to me
Even though you mean the most to me
‘Cause every time I open up, it hurts
So I’m never gonna get too close to you
Even when I mean the most to you
In case you go and leave me in the dirtBut every time you hurt me, the less that I cry
And every time you leave me, the quicker these tears dry
And every time you walk out, the less I love you
Baby, we don’t stand a chance, it’s sad but it’s true

I’m way too good at goodbyes
(I’m way too good at goodbyes)
I’m way too good at goodbyes
(I’m way too good at goodbyes)

I know you’re thinking I’m heartless
I know you’re thinking I’m cold
I’m just protecting my innocence
I’m just protecting my soul

I’m never gonna let you close to me
Even though you mean the most to me
‘Cause every time I open up, it hurts
So I’m never gonna get too close to you
Even when I mean the most to you
In case you go and leave me in the dirt

But every time you hurt me, the less that I cry
And every time you leave me, the quicker these tears dry
And every time you walk out, the less I love you
Baby, we don’t stand a chance, it’s sad but it’s true

I’m way too good at goodbyes
(I’m way too good at goodbyes)
I’m way too good at goodbyes
(I’m way too good at goodbyes)
No way that you’ll see me cry
(No way that you’ll see me cry)

I’m way too good at goodbyes
(I’m way too good at goodbyes)
No
No, no, no, no, no
(I’m way too good at goodbyes)
No, no, no, no
No, no, no
(I’m way too good at goodbyes)
(No way that you’ll see me cry)
(I’m way too good at goodbyes)

‘Cause every time you hurt me, the less that I cry
And every time you leave me, the quicker these tears dry
And every time you walk out, the less I love you
Baby, we don’t stand a chance, it’s sad but it’s true
I’m way too good at goodbyes

This is one of my favorite songs due to the fact that it is very passionate and emotional and it talks about something that we can all relate too. This song talks about the suffering someone goes through when getting dumped and heartbroken by someone and the fear of getting hurt again.

However, the song also says that after all the heartbreaks he got used to the feeling and suffering and learned how to cope with it.

 

Publicado en 5AC2018, language, literature | Deja un comentario